Quick Specifications for Print Books

Jeff Montgomery -

Cover Specs and Info

STANDARD COLOR
Standard Color lowers the cost per unit and is available in all Lightning Source B&W trim sizes with additional color sizes.

Bind Types: Perfect Bound
                    Case Laminate
                    (Saddle Stitch not available.)
Page Range: 18 – 1200 pages

For current trim sizes, please see https://www.drivethrurpg.com/pub_pod_cost.php

PREMIUM COLOR
Premium Color prints superior color books with premium paper using existing, high-quality color print technology. 

Bind Types:  Saddle Stitch
                     Perfect Bound
                     Case Laminate bind types
Page Range: 4 – 47 pages saddle-stitch only
                    48 – 900 pages perfect bound only
                    48 – 840 pages case bound only

For current trim sizes, please see https://www.drivethrurpg.com/pub_pod_cost.php

NOTE: A book over 48 pages will be perfect-bound. The exceptions are size formats 6.69" x 9.61" and landscape 11" x 8.5", which are always perfect bound at all page counts. 

Quick Specs
The following are specifications that you should know when laying out cover files.

Resolution: 300 dpi
Color Space: CMYK
LPI (lines per inch): 180
File format: PDF (.pdf) on Lightning Source cover template.
PDF Output Compliance: PDF/X-1a:2001
                                        PDF/X-3:2002
Template: Created with Lightning Source template only.
Spine: NO spine text for page counts below 48.


Cover Requirements
ALL FONTS: Must be embedded in all PDF files.

PDF COMPLIANCE: Files must be PDF/X-1a:2001 or PDF/X-3:2002 compliant.

TEMPLATE: Cover artwork should be placed within the crop marks on the correct template produced by the template generator. Please do not reposition any items on the template (except the barcode); all items (trim size / crop marks / spine calculation) are required and placed for Lightning Source’s specific print workflow.

NOTE: The only exceptions are the pink and blue areas that can be removed or covered up from EPS/PDF templates before submission. The final PDF should be created at the same page size at which it’s received. Artwork should not extend past the crop marks.

BARCODES: Barcode on Lightning Source cover template should be deleted (the barcode on the cover only, leave the other) from the back cover.

  • Lightning Source will add a Production barcode to the back cover.
  • To designate where the barcode should be placed, put a white box, exactly 0.5” Tall x 0.75” Wide, where you would like it on the back cover, and Lightning Source will insert a barcode on that box.

SPINE: NO spine text is allowed for books with page counts below 48.

MARGINS: 0.25” (6 mm) recommended margin on all sides from final trim size.

COLOR: All images in a cover file must be CMYK. Images that are less than 200 dpi may be rejected. (Resolutions this low are considered too low in quality for printing.)

BODY TEXT: For best results when using text that is 24 pt. or below, please use 100% black only: i.e., CMYK values of 0% Cyan (C), 0% Magenta (M), 0% Yellow (Y), and 100% Black (K).

BLACK / RICH BLACK / DENSITY: We recommend a rich black with CMYK values of 60% Cyan (C), 40% Magenta (M), 40% Yellow (Y), and 100% Black (K).

CMYK total value must not exceed 240%.

INK COVERAGE: Total ink coverage should not exceed 240% anywhere on the cover. (Files sent with densities higher than 240% Ink Coverage will be rejected.)

SPOT COLORS / RGB: Please convert all spot colors (PMS / PANTONE) with or without transparencies to CMYK (even in supporting .eps files).

NOTE: RGB files received will be converted to CMYK before printing. RGB / spot color with or without transparency will produce unexpected color results. Any dissatisfaction with color shift will be the publisher’s responsibility to correct.

Cover Preparation

Preparing your cover for print is easy: Use the Cover Generator provided by our printer, Lightning Source. 

To reach it directly, click this link:
https://myaccount.lightningsource.com/Portal/Tools/CoverTemplateGenerator

LS_Temp_GenX.png

 

Black-and-White Interior Specs

Quick Specs
The following are specifications that you should know when laying out Black-and-White Interiors.

Resolution: 600 dpi for black & white line art
                   300 dpi for grayscale continuous tone images.
Color Space: Grayscale
LPI (lines per inch): 106
File format: PDF (.pdf)
PDF Output Compliance:  PDF/X-1a:2001
                                         PDF/X-3:2002)
Bleed: 0.125” on outside three edges
Margins: Recommended minimum 0.5” for text and min .25" for images on all sides.

Requirements
ALL FONTS: Must be embedded in all PDF files.

PDF COMPLIANCE: Files must be PDF/X-1a:2001 or PDF/X-3:2002 compliant.

MARGINS: All text is recommended to be a minimum of 0.5” from final trim size, and non-bleeding art must be .25" from final trim on outside three edges and .5" on the gutter side. If text or images are too close to trim edges, they could be cut in the printing and binding process.

BLEED: All books need a .125" bleed space on the three outside trim edges. Do NOT add bleed the the inside bind (gutter) side.

CROP MARKS: Please do not include crop, printer, or registration marks in a file. These are not necessary for Lightning Source’s workflow. Marks included in a file could show up in printed copies or cause the files interior files to be rejected.

PAGE COUNT: Creating files with proper page counts will help to ensure the least amount of blank pages possible are added to the back of the book. The publisher should end text files of a book without padding pages, and Lightning Source will add the additional pages necessary to achieve page counts during the setup and the print process.

  • Books that are 6.69” x 9.61” and larger should have a page count divisible by 4.
  • Books that are 6.14” x 9.21” and smaller should have a page count divisible by 6.
  • The final page of all submissions must be completely blank or removed and is reserved for a check barcode and information for Lightning Source.

NOTE: The final page of all submissions must be completely removed and is reserved for a check barcode and information for Lightning Source.

SPOT COLORS / ICC PROFILES: Please do not include Spot colors or ICC profiles in your file as these can produce unexpected color shifting results during processing. ICC profiles applied to 100% black text often convert to a shade or percentage of gray (less than 100% black). This will result in text in your proof that is not solid black.

 

Color Interior Specs and Info

Quick Specs
The following are specifications that you should know when laying out text for a STANDARD COLOR or PREMIUM COLOR color book title.

Resolution: 300 dpi
Color Space: CMYK
LPI (lines per inch): 175 visual – Standard Color
                                 180 – Premium Color
File format: PDF (.pdf)
PDF Output Compliance:  PDF/X-1a:2001
                                         PDF/X-3:2002
Bleed: 0.125” except on bind side (gutter).
Margins: Recommended minimum 0.5” for text and min .25" for images on all sides.
Gutter Allowance: Saddle Stitch Books—no gutter margin required.
                              Perfect/Case Laminate Books—0.125” gutter margin (no-ink area) is required.

Interior Requirements
For both Standard and Premium Color Submissions:

PDF COMPLIANCE: Files must be PDF/X-1a:2001 or PDF/X-3:2002 compliant.

CROP MARKS: Please do not include crop / printer / registration marks in a file.

MARGINS: All text is recommended to be a minimum of 0.5” from final trim size, and non-bleeding art must be .25" from final trim on outside three edges and .5" on the gutter side. If text or images are too close to trim edges, they could be cut in the printing and binding process.

BLEED: Graphics and art intended to print to the edge of a page should bleed a full 0.125” past the final trim size (except on the bind side). If an image used does not provide for enough bleed (full 0.125”), please extend a complimenting color the full amount of bleed required.

GUTTER MARGIN: Saddle Stitch Books: no gutter margin required. Perfect or Case Bound Books: 0.125” gutter margin (no-ink area) is required on the bind side of the interior. These are bound with glue, and the area is designated so it can adhere to all pages.

COLOR / RESOLUTION: All images in a text file must be CMYK. Images should be 300dpi/ppi. Those that are less than 200 dpi will be rejected. (Resolutions this low are considered too low in quality for printing)

BODY TEXT: For best results for text that is 24 pt. or below, please use 100% black only - CMYK values of 0% Cyan (C), 0% Magenta (M), 0% Yellow (Y), and 100% Black (K).

BLACK/RICH BLACK / DENSITY: We recommend a rich black with CMYK values of 60% Cyan (C), 40% Magenta (M), 40% Yellow (Y), and 100% Black (K).
CMYK total value should not exceed 240%.

INK COVERAGE:
Total ink coverage should not exceed 240% anywhere on the cover. (Files sent with densities higher than 240% Ink Coverage will be rejected.)

SPOT COLORS: Please convert all spot colors with / without transparencies to CMYK. Otherwise they will produce unexpected results when printing. 

Any dissatisfaction with color shift will be the publisher’s responsibility to correct.

PAGE COUNT: Creating files with proper page counts will help to ensure the least amount of blank pages possible are added to the back of the book. The publisher should end text files of a book without padding pages, and Lightning Source will add the additional pages necessary to achieve page counts during the setup and the print process.

  • Books that are 6.69” x 9.61” and larger should have a page count divisible by 4.
  • Books that are 6.14” x 9.21” and smaller should have a page count divisible by 6.
  • The final page of all submissions must be completely blank or removed and is reserved for a check barcode and information for Lightning Source.
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